Conclusions are the last impression your reader will have of your paper. They are important because:
Sartre and Dostoevsky give us a lot to think about in regards to our own freedom, including what it means to be responsible for that freedom and how to relate to other, free agents. We might also ask ourselves whether or not freedom is an illusion or an actual phenomenon, but that question is outside the scope of this paper. Instead, we should ask ourselves whether or not Sartre’s Existentialism is possible in the world and, if so, how Dostoevsky’s novel might give us examples of both the benefits and the pitfalls of such a life.
Why is it ineffective?
It begins in a vague and unhelpful manner; addresses an idea that is not in the body of the paper; fails to provide any closure by not addressing key points in the essay; and does not give the reader a reason to care about the paper.
The Brothers Karamazov provides concrete illustrations of Sartre’s existential philosophy through the actions and dialogues of the titular brothers. As the novel unfolds, we can see some of the practical consequences of Existentialism, especially in Ivan’s struggles with religion and social expectations. Even if we reject the possibility of a truly authentic life, both Sartre and Dostoevsky’s novel provide a clear call to reclaim responsibility for our own actions and take an active role in the project of living.
Why is it effective?
It provides a concise summary of the main point; briefly touches on key points of the argument; and provides an answer to the question "So what?"