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Art History

A research guide for students in the field of Art History.

Chicago Manual of Style

Researchers in the field of Art History use the Chicago Manual of Style (Humanities).

Writing Assistance

The Academic Resource Center (ARC) offers free writing consultations for students. Their experienced tutors can advise you at any stage in your writing process:

  • Search for a critique scholarly sources
  • Organize your notes and plan your paper
  • Revise drafts for clarity and conciseness
  • Revise drafts for grammar and mechanical errors
  • Incorporate sources more effectively into your text
  • Use the correct documentation style

If your paper is in MLA, ask for an MLA-style writing tutor to ensure that your tutor is knowledgeable in this format. Please call the ARC at 310-338-2847 to set up an appointment.

Citing Images (Chicago Style)

Painting by Giuseppe Arcimboldo

Fig. 1. Giuseppe Arcimboldo, Spring, 1573. Oil on canvas, 76 x 63.5 cm, Musée du Louvre. Reproduced from the National Gallery of Art, (accessed February 15, 2011).
Citation elements required for each object, listed in order. Include as many as are relevant to the work/are available:
  •  Artist’s name
  •  Object Name / Descriptive Title
  •  Date
  •  Medium / Material(s)
  •  Dimensions
  •  Provenance (specific place of origin, if known -- i.e. city in Italy)
  •  Current location (museum, private collection, etc.)
  •  Image source (formatted in Chicago Manual of Style)


To cite your image in-text:

  • Reference illustrations with a parenthetical reference at the end of a sentence, including the abbreviation for figure in lowercase letters, as follows (fig. 1).
  • If you reproduce images from a print source then replace the "Reproduced from the National Gallery of Art" credit line at the end of the caption with a credit line for the book, with page number, as below.
  • Reproduced from Werner Kriegeskorte, Giuseppe Arcimboldo, 1527-1593 (Los Angeles: Taschen, 2004), 72. (adapted from CiteSource, Trinity College)