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Chemistry and Biochemistry

A research guide for students in the fields of Chemistry and Biochemistry.

How to read a journal article

Empirical vs. Review articles


Empirical Studies Literature Reviews

Reports of original research


  • Introduction
  • Materials & Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion

Look for...

         "we tested"

         "in our study, we measured..."

Critical evaluations of material already published.


  • Define or clarify a problem
  • Summarize previous investigations
  • Identify problems or gaps in knowledge
  • Suggest the next steps

No physical (lab) research done




Parts of a Scientific Article (primary source - empirical)

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