Portugal is divided into 14 main wine producing regions. Portuguese wine production for Marketing Year 2020/21 is estimated to drop three percent to 6.3 million hectoliters due to unstable weather conditions.
Management and Marketing of Wine Tourism Business by Marianna Sigala (Editor); Richard N. S. Robinson (Editor)This book links research in wine marketing/management and wine tourism, offering international and multidisciplinary perspectives. Addressing the evolving nature of the wine tourism industry and market, the book brings in new research streams and technology advances such as; social media, customer empowerment and engagement, co-creation, social / responsible marketing and wine consumption. Each section includes an introductory chapter written by the editors discussing the aims and the chapters of the section. Section chapters provide theoretical and research based insights with practical implications, while every section is also complemented with case studies that further enrich the practice and industry implications of theory. Researchers will find in this book a holistic analysis of research and cases relating to the management and marketing of wine tourism businesses and visitors.
Publication Date: 2018-09-14
Wine Globalization by Kym Anderson (Editor); Vincente Pinilla (Editor)In this anthology, editors Kym Anderson and Vicente Pinilla have gathered together some of the world's leading wine economists and economic historians to examine the development of national wine industries before and during the two waves of globalization. The empirically-based chapters analyze developments in all key wine-producing and consuming countries using a common methodology to explain long-term trends and cycles in wine production, consumption, and trade. The authors cover topics such as the role of new technologies, policies, and institutions, as well as exchange rate movements, international market developments, evolutions in grape varieties, and wine quality changes. The final chapter draws on an economic model of global wine markets, to project those markets to 2025 based on various assumptions about population and income growth, real exchange rates, and other factors. All authors of the book contributed to a unique global database of annual data back to the mid-nineteenth century which has been compiled by the book editors.
Publication Date: 2018-01-31
Pink Team: Sustainable Fast Fashion
Fast fashion is the term used to describe clothing designs that move quickly from the catwalk to stores to take advantage of trends ~ Adam Hayes
The fast fashion model is one where the fashion industry produces pieces of clothing in keeping with the latest
trends, with low storage and high turnover, making the marketing of the products quick and giving consumers new clothes at affordable prices while increasing the amount of possible produced textile residues from
Eco-Friendly and Fair by Mark Heuer (Editor); Carolin Becker-Leifhold (Editor)The make-take-waste paradigm of fast fashion explains much of the producer and consumer behavior patterns towards fast fashion. The evolution from a two-season fashion calendar to fast fashion, characterized by rapid product cycles from retailers and impulse buying by consumers, presents new challenges to the environment, workplace and labour practices. This book provides a comprehensive overview of new insights into consumer behaviour mechanisms in order to shift practices toward sustainable fashion and to minimize the negative impacts of fast fashion on the environment and society. Concepts and techniques are presented that could overcome the formidable economic drivers of fast fashion and lead toward a future of sustainable fashion. While the need for change in the fashion industry post-Rana Plaza could not be more obvious, alternative and more sustainable consumption models have been under-investigated. The paucity of such research extends to highly consumptive consumer behaviours regarding fast fashion (i.e. impulse buying and throwaways) and the related impediments these behaviours pose for sustainable fashion. Written by leading researchers in the field of sustainable fashion and supported by the Textile Institute, this book evaluates fashion trends, what factors have led to new trends and how the factors supporting fast fashion differ from those of the past. It explores the economic drivers of fast fashion and what social, environmental and political factors should be maintained, and business approaches adopted, in order for fast fashion to be a sustainable model. In particular, it provides consumer behaviour concepts that can be utilized at the retail level to support sustainable fashion.
Publication Date: 2018-05-11
The Dirty Side of the Garment Industry by Nikolay AnguelovWhen thinking about lowering or changing consumption to lower carbon footprints, the obvious offenders come easily to mind: petroleum and petroleum products, paper and plastic, even food. But not clothes. Although the clothing industry is the second largest polluter after agriculture, most consumers do not think of clothes as a source of environmen
This report takes a look at organic agriculture production, other operators in the organic sector, the organic market, exchange of organic products, organic crops in the EU, organic animal production, public policy, a SWOT analysis of the EU Organic Sector and more.
The Economic and Food Safety Authority (ASAE) is the national SPECIALIZED administrative authority in the context of food safety and economic surveillance. ASAE is responsible for the discipline of the exercise of economic activities in the food and non-food sectors, by monitoring and preventing the enforcement of regulation legislation. ASAE is a national authority, with administrative autonomy, that acts as a police and law enforcement body.
This article offers an evaluation of the reuse of reclaimed water and desalination in Spain and aims to provide an overview of the state of the art and Spanish legal framework as far as non-conventional resources are concerned.